At the last medical conference on 02.06.2020, general rules were developed for the prevention of limb diseases. Below is a brief overview of these points.
KEEP JOINTS IN FORM
A common joint disease is osteoarthrosis, which is based on the destruction of cartilage. It is difficult to diagnose, especially at an early stage. Manifestations of the disease depend on the degree of damage to the cartilage. Often a problem is discovered when the joint destruction process has gone far.
The first manifestations of the disease, as a rule, are noted at the age of 40-50 years. The main risk group is women during menopause and overweight people.
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The Basics of Healthy Cartilage
The smoothness and exceptional amortization properties of the cartilage are associated with the features of its structure. Cartilage tissue consists of 80% water, which is retained with the help of complex compounds – aggrecans, in the structure of which chondroitin, glucosamine, sulfur and hyaluronic acid are involved.
Chondroitin and glucosamine
- – normalize metabolic processes in cartilage;
- – prevent “drying out” and destruction of a cartilage;
- – form the structure of the cartilage, ensuring its smoothness, strength and elasticity.
– contributes to the rapid reduction of pain and inflammation in the joints;
– necessary for collagen synthesis.
High sulfur foods: eggs, meat, poultry, fish, and legumes.
Other useful sources of sulfur: onions, garlic, Brussels sprouts, asparagus, wheat germ.
Sulfur-lowering foods: carbonated drinks, canned foods, sausages.
Sulfur deficiency occurs due to improper uniform nutrition, as well as during long-term storage and heat treatment of products. In this case, preparations containing methylsulfonylmethane come to the rescue.
- – stimulates the production of intraarticular fluid;
- – improves slip and cushioning inside the joint;
- – improves the quality of intraarticular fluid.
How does pain occur?
Injuries, age, overweight, congenital diseases of the joints, release of substances that trigger inflammation of the joints.
Due to inflammation of the joints there is a limitation of range of motion, stiffness, pain.
As a result, there is a destruction of the cartilage, the formation of bone growths, a decrease in the gap between the articular surfaces of the bones, a partial or complete loss of the ability to move.
Treatment of osteoarthrosis is strictly prescribed and under the supervision of a physician
Treatment of osteoarthritis is usually complex and includes the following methods:
– physiotherapy -> improves blood circulation and the flow of nutrients to tissues;
– physiotherapy exercises and wearing orthopedic appliances -> reduces the load, provides protection, creates a “muscle corset” around the joint.
– diet -> reduces the load on the joints by reducing weight.
– analgesics relieve pain;
– non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs relieve pain and inflammation;
– chondroprotectors stop the destruction of cartilage, reduce inflammation and pain, increase the volume and movement in the joints.
Support the joints with gymnastics
- – physiotherapy exercises strengthens muscles, protecting joints from excessive loads;
- – perform exercises only when lying or sitting: try not to overload the joints;
- – if the exercise fails or is difficult for you, go to the next;
- – the number of movements should be increased gradually;
– a set of exercises is better divided into several approaches: 2-3 times a day for 10-15 minutes;
– For each joint, perform your own special complex.
What joint health depends on
Lifestyle for Strong Joints
This is a whole range of measures to maintain the tone of the musculoskeletal system. First of all, nutrition, along with which the necessary vitamins and minerals must be supplied to the body so that the vessels use this resource for as long as possible and maintain quality.
Vitamins most valuable for joints and ligaments:
Drinking regimen for healthy joints.
Water is a source of life-giving moisture for articular (synovial) fluid. The joint is isolated from the “outside world”, it has no blood vessels, so the only source of nutrition for it is synovial fluid. Viscous, yellowish, acting as a shock absorber between the cartilage. The quality of the fluid and the lifespan of the joints depend on how well the body is provided with water.
Metabolism, hormones and joints
Weight and its fluctuations have a significant negative effect on the joints. Imagine only the load on the legs of a person weighing 55 kg and 105 kg. The entire skeletal system, tendons, ligaments and muscles suffer. But not only from the physical pressure of extra pounds, but also from metabolic disorders.
It is known that adipose tissue as it grows becomes a full-fledged hormonal organ, where leptin, the so-called hormone of harmony, is produced in large quantities, but the hypothalamus does not perceive it. The hormone “walks” through the blood unbound. It becomes extremely difficult for people to lose weight and the hormone activates the sympathetic section of the peripheral nervous system.
Because of this, blood pressure rises, inflammatory processes actively develop, a “favorable environment” develops for the development of blood clots, and negatively affects the musculoskeletal system. Excess adipose tissue and kilograms on the scales are the trigger for pathological changes in the cartilage cells, as a result, the cartilage tissue loses its elasticity and cracks form in it – and this leads to the development of arthrosis of the knee and hip joints, gout, osteoarthritis of the knee joints.